Metal coated multiphase steels, EN10346:2015
HCT490X, HCT590X, HCT600C, HCT780X, HCT780C, HCT980X, HCT980C, HCT980XG.
Metal coated advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) are multiphase steels that are hot-dip metal coated for corrosion protection. These steels enable complex shapes in high-strength applications without compromising corrosion resistance.
HCT490X is available in thicknesses of 0.70-2.50 mm and widths up to 1520 mm.
HCT590X is available in thicknesses of 0.70-3.00 mm and widths up to 1520 mm.
HCT600X is available in thicknesses of 0.70-2.50 mm and widths up to 1520 mm.
HCT780X is available in thicknesses of 0.80-2.00 mm and widths up to 1445 mm.
HCT780C is available in thicknesses of 0.95-2.00 mm and widths up to 1300 mm.
HCT980X is available in thicknesses of 0.95-2.00 mm and widths up to 1500mm.
HCT980XG is available in thicknesses of 0.95-2.00 mm and widths up to 1500mm.
HCT980C is available in thicknesses of 0.80-2.00 mm and widths up to 1250mm.
Available as coils, slit coils and as cut to length in lengths up to 6 meters.
Available dimensions vary depending on coating.
|Coating||Standard||Yield strength Rp0.2
|Tensile strength Rm
|Elongation A80 1)
|Strain hardening exponent n10-UE/sub>
* Available upon request.
1) In case of ZF coating the minimum elongation A80 value is reduced by 2 units.
Testing direction longitudinal to the rolling direction.
Each metal coated mother coil is regarded as one test unit. Mechanical properties (EN-ISO 6892-1:2009) and coating mass (EN 10346) are determined per test unit.
An inspection document of the required type according to EN 10204 is provided when agreed in the order.
Content % by mass.
The tolerances of metal coated products are mainly in accordance with standard EN 10143. If no special instructions are given on the order, products are delivered with the normal tolerances of this standard. Special tolerances according to standard EN 10143 or other tolerance specification can be agreed separately at the time of order.
The metal coated products are offered with Zinc (Z), Galfan zinc-aluminium (ZA), or Galvannealed zinc-iron alloy (ZF) coating. The cathodic corrosion protection of these metal coatings is in direct proportion to its thickness, i.e. a thick coating will provide better corrosion protection for the underlying steel than a thin coating. However, thin coatings are recommended for applications with high formability requirements.
The Zinc (Z) coating has a composition consisting almost entirely of zinc (>99%) and is lead free, resulting in finely crystallized zinc spangle that meets high requirements for visual appearance. It is produced by hot-dip galvanizing process. Thanks to the good formability of lead-free coatings, the corrosion protection, for example, in areas which have been bent is good. The small spangle coating is designated by the letter M.
Galfan (ZA) is a zinc-aluminium alloy coating with the eutectic composition approximately of 95% Zn and 5% Al. This coating has better anticorrosive and forming properties than normal zinc coatings. Galfan coating can be recognized by its bright metallic and mildly cellular-patterned surface. It is produced by hot-dip coating process.
Galvannealed (ZF) is a zinc-iron alloy coating having an iron content of about 10%. This coating is produced by heat-treatment after continuous hot-dip coating process. ZF coated steels are excellent for resistance welding applications and are designed for use in high-quality painted products. Galvannealed coating can be recognized by its typically grayish, matte surface.
|Coating designation||Minimum total coating mass, both surfaces *
|Guidance value for coating thickness per surface
*In triple spot test.
In addition to these coating thicknesses defined according to EN10346, the offering contains different asymmetric coatings, coatings with equal coating minimum mass per surface, and other OEM specifications that are available upon request.
Normal surface (A)
Imperfections such as pimples, marks, scratches, pits, variations in surface appearance, dark spots, stripe marks and light passivation stains are permissible. Stretch levelling breaks or run-off marks may appear. Coil breaks and stretcher strains may appear as well. Surface quality A has a shiny appearance.
Improved surface (B)
Surface quality B is obtained by skin passing. With this surface quality, small imperfections such as stretch levelling breaks, skin pass marks, slight scratches, surface structure, run-off marks and light passivation stains are permissible. Surface quality B has a matte appearance.
In order to prevent formation of white rust during transportation or storage, the following surface treatments are available:
Chemical passivation (C)
Unless otherwise agreed, zinc and Galfan coated coils and sheets are delivered as chemically passivated. A thin passivation layer remains on the surface of the product. The purpose of this is to protect the coating against the formation of white rust during transportation and storage. This treatment is not sufficient, however, for protection under all conditions.
If required, oiling can be used instead of chemical passivation. Metal coated products to be painted are recommended to be delivered in oiled condition and therefore Galvannealed coated coils are delivered as oiled, unless otherwise agreed. The temporary corrosion protection provided by oil is especially dependent on storage time, and therefore long storage times should be avoided with oiled products.
Chemical passivation and oiling (CO)
Passivation with oiling is also available for maximum surface protection.
In unprotected condition, i.e. without surface treatment, there is a risk for formation of corrosion products and scratches during transportation, storage or handling. The products are supplied without surface treatment only if explicitly required by the customer on its own responsibility.
General about surface treatments
All surface treatments are in accordance with RoHS directive (2011/65/EU) and do not contain Chromium VI (Cr6+). Surface treatments provide only temporary surface protection during transportation and storage. White rust tends to form easily on the surface of bright, newly coated coils or in the space between tightly packed sheets if condensed water or rainwater collects on the surface and is not able to evaporate away quickly. In order to avoid white rust, care must be taken to keep the coated products dry during transportation and storage. Condensation may form between laps or sheets due to, for example, daily temperature changes or when bringing cold products into a warm building. If they become wet and white rust begins to form, they must be separated and situated so that they are dried quickly. This will prevent any further formation of white rust.
The microstructure of Dual-Phase (DP) steels contains dispersion of hard martensite islands in a soft ferrite matrix. Hard martensite islands increases the strength and soft ferrite contributes to good formability resulting in low yield ratio (Rp0.2/Rm). In particular, the level of strain hardening is high at the beginning of forming, as a result of which stretch forming properties of DP steels are good.
The microstructure of Complex-Phase (CP) steels contains dispersion of martensite islands in a matrix consisting of ferrite and bainite. Due to the medium hard bainitic matrix of the microstructure, the yield ratio (Rp0.2/Rm) is higher as compared to DP steels. CP steels have better edge ductility and hole expansion ratio as compared to DP steels, and they allow small bending radius.
Whenever AHSS grades are formed and painted, the work hardening and bake hardening can be utilized for high final part strength. Work hardening occurs during forming, and bake hardening takes place at elevated temperatures, for instance during curing step of painting process.