The steel industry is currently one of the highest carbon emitters, accounting for 7% of all emissions globally. While SSAB is already one of the world’s most efficient steelmakers, we know that the industry still has a long way to go. Our objective is to lead the steel industry to a decarbonized future.
The largest carbon footprint for a new bucket comes from producing the steel.
A bucket’s carbon footprint can be reduced in several ways:
Carbon footprint is a measure of the total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by an individual, organization, service or product. It's measured as metric tonnes of CO2 equivalent (CO2e) per defined function or unit.
When calculating and reporting carbon footprint, there are established Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) standards.
Carbon footprint is a product specific, measurable and end-customer relevant measure, just as other product performance data. It is also increasingly more requested by specifiers and end-users.
A bucket’s carbon footprint can be reduced in several ways.
Longer service life
Wear-resistant steel combined with good structural design, make the bucket to last longer. If the lifetime is doubled, embedded carbon emissions over the product lifecycle is only half.
With lower weight, the wheel loader or excavator will need less fuel for the same work. Every 1000 liters of diesel not used saves 3 tonnes of CO2.
Finally, a bucket design with higher productivity and a longer lifetime results in a lower carbon footprint to move the same amount of bulk material.
When a bucket is lighter, its payload can be increased, resulting in fewer swings for the same material moved. Every present of increased load capacity results in the same percentage of fuel and carbon emission savings.
By upgrading to advanced wear-resistant steel, it will be possible to quickly compensate for the carbon emissions from steel production during the use of the product. And once the break-even point has been reached, the application will continue to deliver carbon savings amounting to many times the original carbon debt.
The carbon emission payback time for a bucket is the time until the CO2 savings during the use-phase of the excavator or loader have become as big as the emission from the steel production of the upgraded bucket.
To illustrate the saving or elimination of CO2, we can use cars as a reference.
As an example, a lifetime saving of 100 metric tonnes CO2, corresponds to taking 47 cars off the road for one year.
This calculation is based on the average CO2 emission of Swedish passenger cars in 2017. This average is 2.13 metric tonnes of CO2 per car and year.
Sources: Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and Statistics Sweden.
With the SSAB EcoUpgraded app, you can calculate how much the upgrading to high-strength steels reduces the weight of equipment, improves fuel economy and increases product lifetime – all of which reduce the carbon footprint.
Download the app
Open App Store (iPhone, iPad) or Google Play (Android phones and tablets). Search for ”EcoUpgraded”, select ”SSAB EcoUpgraded” and download.
When installed, open the app. Write your business email address, name and company. Change to your business email app. Find the email ”SSAB Mobile support”. Scroll down and click on ”Confirm Your Email”. Now, open the SSAB EcoUpgraded app again. Click on “Complete verification”. You are ready to use it!
|Input||Example (Metric)||Example (Imperial)||Comments|
|Machine usage per year||4000||hours/year||4000||hours/year||Operation time per year|
|Service lifetime||5||years||5||years||The total number of years the bucket is in use before end-of-life|
|Fuel consumption, average||70||litres/hour||18||gallons/hour||Average fuel consumption for the machine|
|Currency||EUR||USD||Choose your currency|
|Fuel cost||1.6||EUR/litre||3.2||USD/gallon||Average fuel cost|
|Bucket payload capacity (before upgrading)||4500||kg||9900||lbs||Maximum load capacity of the bucket, before upgrading|
|Bucket payload (after upgrading)||5400||kg||11900||lbs||Maximum load capacity of the bucket, after upgrading. Normally the weight saving through upgrading will increase the load capacity of the bucket with the same amount|
|Weight of bucket (before upgrading)||3900||kg||8600||lbs||The total weight of the original bucket, before upgrading|
|Weight of bucket (after upgrading)||3000||kg||6600||lbs||The total weight of the upgraded bucket, after upgrading|
|Wear resistant steel saved during lifetime||0||kg||0||lbs||It is applicable only for buckets that consume wear steel during its lifetime.|
The results can be presented in three different ways:
This wheel loader bucket has been upgraded from Hardox® 450 to Hardox® 500 Tuf with improved design, making the bucket volume fit for an increased load capacity corresponding to the reduced bucket weight. Additionally, the new bucket can have a longer lifetime than the original one. The calculation was made with SSAB EcoUpgraded.
a) Previous design b) Upgraded design
Bucket model: Fronteq Eslöv Loader Bucket
Machine class: 35 tonne wheel loader
Diesel consumption, average: 40 litres/hour (assumption)
Machine usage per year: 4 000 hours/year
Design service lifetime: 3 years
Bucket volume: 11 m3 (SAE 1:2)
Weight of bucket (before upgrading): 7 256 kg
Weight of bucket (after upgrading): 6 286 kg (-970 kg or -13%)
Bucket payload capacity (before upgrading): 17 600 kg
Bucket capacity (after upgrading): 18 570 kg (+970 kg or +6%)
Carbon emission savings
Total lifetime CO2 savings: 77 tonnes (1.9 tonnes from less steel produced and 75 tonnes from higher load capacity)
Fuel reduction: 25 073 litres during lifetime (3 years). Corresponding to 40 116 EUR (at 1.6 EUR/litre).
CO2 payback time: 6 months.
Higher capacity in operation
If the extra capacity is used to run the loader machine more for higher revenue, assuming a masses moved revenue of 10 EUR/tonne, 4 000 tonnes moved per day and 330 days in operation per year:
Total profit increase: 740 873 EUR/year (with 72 750 tonnes extra massed moved per year).
The information in this report is only applicable to SSAB’s products and should not be applied to any other products than original SSAB products.