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Debt financing

SSAB's funding is focused on supporting the Group’s strategy and covering the needs for financing within the framework of the Group's financial policy. The funding is primarily executed through the parent company. In order to minimize the refinancing risk, the objective is that the debt should have an even maturity profile. Short-term funding is primarily obtained through the commercial paper markets in Sweden and Finland. SSAB has a strong and supportive bank group providing committed back-stop facilities to secure the short-term funding and liquidity needs.  In order to secure access to competitively priced funding in the relevant markets, SSAB strives to be transparent and informative toward the investor community.


Key figures     2018  2017  2016 2015 2014
Net debt SEK million  8,582  11,574 17,887
Net debt/equity ratio %  14  22  34 52 56
Average term on the loan portfolio years  6.5  5.5  5.1 4.6 3.9
Averaged fixed interest term years  1.1  1.1  0.8 1.1
Non-utilized credit facilities SEK million  6,992  8,263  7,096 8,308
Cash and cash equivalents SEK million  2,598  4,249  3,879 2,711


Cash flow, financing and liquidity (from Q4/2018 report)

Operating cash flow for the full year 2018 was SEK 5,969 (6,511) million. Cash flow was impacted positively by operating profit but impacted negatively by higher working capital resulting from increased sales as well as capital expenditures.
Net cash flow amounted to SEK 3,435 (5,068) million. Net cash flow was impacted, among other things, by payments for strategic investments, including acquisitions of operations and businesses, of SEK 408 (248) million as well as by a dividend totaling SEK 1,030 (-) million to shareholders. Total capital expenditure was SEK 2,340 (1,614) million. Net debt decreased by SEK 2,992 million during 2018 and at year-end amounted to SEK 8,582 million. The net debt/equity ratio was 14% (22%).
The term to maturity of the total loan portfolio at December 31 averaged 6.5 (5.5) years, with an average fixed interest period of 1.1 (1.1) years.
Cash and cash equivalents were SEK 2,598 (4,249) million and non-utilized credit facilities were SEK 6,992 (8,263) million, which combined corresponds to 13% (19%) of rolling 12 months’ sales.

Debt structure on (at Dec 31, 2018)



Net debt and net debt/equity ratio (at Dec 31, 2018)



Debt maturity (at Dec 31, 2018)



Debt cost and duration



Debt programs

SSAB’s funding is conducted primarily through the bank market and existing note and commercial paper programs. For borrowing for terms of up to ten years, a European Medium Term Note program (EMTN) is used, while Swedish and Finnish commercial paper programs are used for borrowing for shorter terms. The program limit of the EMTN program is EUR 2,000 million. The Swedish commercial paper program has a limit of SEK 5,000 million and the Finnish commercial paper program has a limit of EUR 500 million.

Main financial
European medium
Term Note
program (EMTN)
EUR 2,000
Swedish commercial
paper program
SEK 5,000
Finnish commercial
paper program
EUR 500

Related documents

EMTN Prospectus 2018

EMTN Prospectus 2017

EMTN Prospectus 2016

EMTN Prospectus 2015

EMTN Prospectus 2014

Prospectus Amendment

Swedish Commercial Paper Program

Credit ratings

Credit ratings are important for the Group to be able to secure competitively priced funding. The company aims at having at least one rating.
On June 25, 2018, S&P Global Ratings raised its long-term corporate credit rating on SSAB to 'BB' from 'BB-'.
At the same time, S&P affirmed the 'B' short-term corporate credit rating. The outlook is positive.

Standard & Poors' Ratings Direct, Research update 2018-06-25

Standard & Poors' Ratings Direct, Research update 2018-02-15

Standard & Poors' Ratings Direct, Research update 2017-10-31

Standard & Poors' Ratings Direct, Research update 2017-03-22

Standard & Poors' Ratings Direct, Research update 2016-06-08

Standard & Poors' Ratings Direct, Research Update 2016-02-22

Standard & Poors' RatingsDirect, Research Update 2015-12-21

Standard & Poors' RatingsDirect, Research Update 2015-05-29

Standard & Poors' RatingsDirect, Bulletin 2014-01-22

Standard & Poors' RatingsDirect, Research Update 2013-11-12