Use better steel: SSAB’s customers benefit from leading CO₂ efficient production

At SSAB, steelmaking processes have been continuously advanced and improved. As a result, SSAB’s blast furnaces today are among the most CO₂ efficient in the world in terms of minimizing emissions from steel production. This gives a competitive advantage to SSAB and its customers.

CO2 efficient steel production


There are two different ways of producing steel. The processes are differentiated according to the raw material used in the process – iron ore-based (Blast Furnace based production, BF) or scrap-based from recycled steel (Electric Arc Furnace based production, EAF). Since availablescrap today accounts for approximately 30% of the demand for new steel, we are today dependent on both steel produced from scrap and steel made from iron-ore. In 2050, it is estimated scrap-based steel will account for about 50% of demand, which means that 50% of demand will continue to be met by steel made from iron-ore.

Read more about SSAB´s steel production processes

Steel production is resource intensive and generates carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Around 90% of SSAB’s direct CO2 emissions are generated by iron ore-based steel production at our sites in Luleå, Oxelösund and Raahe, in particular our blast furnaces. SSAB’s operations account for 10% of Sweden’s and 7% of Finland’s CO2 emissions. However, SSAB’s blast furnace-based production is among the most CO2 efficient in the world owing to the use of high-grade iron-ore pellet and, high-quality coke, as well as efficient and uninterrupted processes. For example, our cold-rolled steel production emits approximately 6% less CO2e than the European average and as much as 17% less than the Chinese average (see the chart above).

Keeping track of our footprint

On our way to becoming the world’s first fossil-free steel company, we are committed to fully declaring the environmental impact of our products. Use the SSAB footprint tool to get an overview of how our products can help in limiting the carbon footprint of your projects.

State-of-the-art steel making technology

The carbon footprint represents the life cycle emissions of a product, measured in CO2 equivalents. Here, the emissions from SSAB’s production and indirect upstream emissions are included – i.e ‘cradle to gate’.

Greenhouse gas emissons *

Lower is better

Fossil-free electricity *

Higher is better

* Values are valid for production in Sweden/Finland.


thinkstep, GWP benchmarking of BF route steel sheet, December 2019, and SSAB's associated EPD data, March 2020. International Energy Agency, electricity generation by source, 2020.

Calculate greenhouse gas emissions per ton

Select brand, grade, and product type from the dropdown lists, to find out about the CO2 footprint of each product.

  • Armox® 370T Class 1
  • Armox® 370T Class 2
  • Armox® 440T
  • Armox® 500T
  • Armox® 600T
  • Armox® Advance
  • COR-TEN® A, cold rolled
  • COR-TEN® A, hot rolled
  • COR-TEN® B
  • COR-TEN® B-D
  • Docol 1000​DPX
  • Docol 800DPX
  • Docol CR​1030Y​1300T-​MS
  • Docol CR​1150Y​1400T-​MS
  • Docol CR​1220Y​1500T-​MS
  • Docol CR​1350Y​1700T-​MS
  • Docol CR​230Y​500T-​DL
  • Docol CR​280Y​600T-​DL
  • Docol CR​290Y​490T-​DP
  • Docol CR​290Y​500T-​DP
  • Docol CR​330Y​590T-​DH
  • Docol CR​330Y​590T-​DP
  • Docol CR​350Y​600T-​CP
  • Docol CR​350Y​600T-​DP
  • Docol CR​390Y​800T-​DL
  • Docol CR​420LA
  • Docol CR​440Y​780T-​DH
  • Docol CR​440Y​780T-​DP
  • Docol CR​450Y​780T-​DP
  • Docol CR​460LA
  • Docol CR​500Y​800T-​DP
  • Docol CR​550Y​980T-​DP
  • Docol CR​570Y​780T-​CP
  • Docol CR​590Y​980T-​DH
  • Docol CR​590Y​980T-​DP
  • Docol CR​700Y​1000T-​DP
  • Docol CR​700Y​900T-​MS
  • Docol CR​700Y​980T-​DP
  • Docol CR​700Y​980T-​DP-LCE
  • Docol CR​780Y​980T-​CP
  • Docol CR​860Y​1100T-​MS
  • Docol CR​900Y​1180T-​CP
  • Docol CR​950Y​1200T-​MS
  • Docol HR​420LA
  • Docol HR​440Y​580T-​FB
  • Docol HR​460LA
  • Docol HR​500LA
  • Docol HR​550LA
  • Docol HR​550Y​600T​ HE
  • Docol HR​600LA
  • Docol HR​650LA
  • Docol HR​660Y​760T-​CP
  • Docol HR​700LA
  • Docol HR​800​CP
  • Docol HR​800​CP+HER
  • Docol HR​900Y​1180T-​MS
  • Docol HR355Y430T HE
  • Docol HR420Y480T HE
  • Docol HR460Y520T HE
  • Docol HR500Y550T HE
  • Docol HR800HE
  • Docol PHS CR 1500
  • Docol PHS CR 1800
  • Docol PHS CR 2000
  • Docol PHS FH 1500
  • Docol PHS FH 1800
  • Docol PHS FH 2000
  • Docol PHS HR 1500
  • Docol PHS HR 1500+A
  • Docol PHS HR 2000
  • Docol PHS HR 2000+A
  • Docol Roll 1000
  • Docol Roll 1000HY
  • Docol Roll 800
  • Epoxy
  • GreenCoat® Cool
  • GreenCoat® Crown BT
  • GreenCoat® FoodSafe
  • GreenCoat® FoodSafe BT
  • GreenCoat® Hiarc
  • GreenCoat® Hiarc Max
  • GreenCoat® Mica BT
  • GreenCoat® PLX Legacy
  • GreenCoat® PLX Pro BT
  • GreenCoat® PLX Pural BT
  • GreenCoat® Pro BT
  • GreenCoat® Pural BT
  • GreenCoat® Pural Farm BT
  • GreenCoat® RWS Pro
  • GreenCoat® RWS Pural
  • GreenCoat® TSP Legacy
  • GreenCoat® TSP Pural BT
  • Hardox® 400
  • Hardox® 450
  • Hardox® 500
  • Hardox® 500 Tuf
  • Hardox® 550
  • Hardox® 600
  • Hardox® Extreme
  • Hardox® HiAce
  • Hardox® HiTemp
  • Hardox® HiTuf
  • Laminate Foodsafe
  • Nova
  • P200
  • Polyester
  • Polyester Indoor
  • Raex® 300
  • Raex® 400
  • Raex® 450
  • Raex® 500
  • Ramor® 300
  • Ramor® 400
  • Ramor® 450
  • Ramor® 500
  • Ramor® 550
  • Ramor® 600
  • Rough Matt Polyester
  • SSAB Boron 22
  • SSAB Boron 24
  • SSAB Boron 27
  • SSAB Boron 27Cr
  • SSAB Boron 30
  • SSAB Boron 33
  • SSAB Boron 33Cr
  • SSAB Boron 36
  • SSAB Boron 38
  • SSAB Boron 42
  • SSAB Domex® 220GD
  • SSAB Domex® 220LA
  • SSAB Domex® 220LAD
  • SSAB Domex® 240YP B
  • SSAB Domex® 240YP D
  • SSAB Domex® 240YP E
  • SSAB Domex® 250GD
  • SSAB Domex® 260LA
  • SSAB Domex® 260LAD
  • SSAB Domex® 280GD
  • SSAB Domex® 280LA
  • SSAB Domex® 300LA
  • SSAB Domex® 300LAD
  • SSAB Domex® 315MC B
  • SSAB Domex® 315MC D
  • SSAB Domex® 315MC E
  • SSAB Domex® 320GD
  • SSAB Domex® 340LA
  • SSAB Domex® 340LAD
  • SSAB Domex® 350GD
  • SSAB Domex® 350LA
  • SSAB Domex® 355MC B
  • SSAB Domex® 355MC D
  • SSAB Domex® 355MC E
  • SSAB Domex® 355MC Plus
  • SSAB Domex® 355ML
  • SSAB Domex® 380LA
  • SSAB Domex® 380LAD
  • SSAB Domex® 420LA
  • SSAB Domex® 420LAD
  • SSAB Domex® 420MC
  • SSAB Domex® 420MC B
  • SSAB Domex® 420MC D
  • SSAB Domex® 420MC E
  • SSAB Domex® 420MC Plus
  • SSAB Domex® 420ML
  • SSAB Domex® 460LA
  • SSAB Domex® 460LAD
  • SSAB Domex® 460MC
  • SSAB Domex® 460MC B
  • SSAB Domex® 460MC D
  • SSAB Domex® 460MC E
  • SSAB Domex® 460MC Plus
  • SSAB Domex® 460ML
  • SSAB Domex® 500LA
  • SSAB Domex® 500LAD
  • SSAB Domex® 500MC
  • SSAB Domex® 500MC B
  • SSAB Domex® 500MC D
  • SSAB Domex® 500MC E
  • SSAB Domex® 500MC Plus
  • SSAB Domex® 500ML
  • SSAB Domex® 550MC
  • SSAB Domex® 550MC B
  • SSAB Domex® 550MC D
  • SSAB Domex® 550MC E
  • SSAB Form 03
  • SSAB Form 04
  • SSAB Form 05
  • SSAB Form 06
  • SSAB Form 07
  • SSAB Form 200
  • SSAB Form 52
  • SSAB Form 53
  • SSAB Form 54
  • SSAB Form 56
  • SSAB Form 57
  • SSAB Form TSP
  • SSAB Laser® 250C
  • SSAB Laser® 275C
  • SSAB Laser® 355C
  • SSAB Laser® 355MC Plus
  • SSAB Laser® 355ML Plus
  • SSAB Laser® 420MC Plus
  • SSAB Laser® 420ML Plus
  • SSAB Laser® 460MC Plus
  • SSAB Laser® 460ML Plus
  • SSAB Laser® DC03
  • SSAB Multisteel HSD
  • SSAB Multisteel HSE
  • SSAB Multisteel PA
  • SSAB Multisteel PE
  • SSAB Multisteel PEA
  • SSAB Multisteel PES
  • SSAB Multisteel SN
  • SSAB Multisteel SNL
  • SSAB Weathering 355
  • SSAB Weathering 420 M/ML
  • SSAB Weathering 460 M/ML
  • SSAB Weathering 550
  • SSAB Weathering 700
  • SSAB Weathering 960
  • Strenx® 100
  • Strenx® 100XF
  • Strenx® 1100 CR
  • Strenx® 1100 E
  • Strenx® 1100 F
  • Strenx® 1100 MC
  • Strenx® 1100 Plus
  • Strenx® 110XF
  • Strenx® 1300 E
  • Strenx® 1300 F
  • Strenx® 600MC D
  • Strenx® 600MC E
  • Strenx® 650MC D
  • Strenx® 650MC E
  • Strenx® 700 CR
  • Strenx® 700 E
  • Strenx® 700 F
  • Strenx® 700 MC D
  • Strenx® 700 MC E
  • Strenx® 700 MC Plus
  • Strenx® 700 OME
  • Strenx® 900 E
  • Strenx® 900 F
  • Strenx® 900 MC
  • Strenx® 900 Plus
  • Strenx® 960 CR
  • Strenx® 960 E
  • Strenx® 960 F
  • Strenx® 960 Plus
  • Strenx® 960MC
  • Strenx® P700
  • Toolox® 33
  • Toolox® 40
  • Toolox® 44
  • Cold rolled
  • Cold Rolled
  • Color Coated
  • Hot Rolled Plate
  • Hot Rolled Strip
  • Metal Coated

Product type only applies to certain grades.



Greenhouse gas emissons *






ton CO2e/ton

15% less than global!

17% less than global!

10% less than global!

15% less than global!

Fossil-free electricity *






54 units better than global!

54 units better than global!

54 units better than global!

54 units better than global!

54 units better than global!

* Values are valid for production in Sweden/Finland.

The values are taken from the Environmental Product Declaration (EPD). Click to see how the numbers compare globally and regionally.

Direct CO2 emissions (Scope 1)

In 2020, SSAB’s total direct CO2 emissions were 8,844 (9,587) thousand tonnes. Around 90% of SSAB’s direct CO2 emissions are generated by iron ore-based steel production at our sites in Luleå, Oxelösund and Raahe, in particular our blast furnaces. Approximately 98% of these emissions are related to metallurgical processes, i.e., to the use of coke and coal as reducing agents. In 2020, direct CO2 emissions from Nordic steel production were 8,105 (8,873) thousand tonnes and emissions intensity (tonnes of CO2 emissions/ tonne crude steel) was 1.64 (1.75). CO2 emissions generated in Nordic steel production are within the scope of the European Emissions Trading System.

In the US, our scrap-based EAF steel mills use close to 100% recycled steel as a raw material, thereby resulting in much lower direct CO2 emissions compared to blast furnace-based steel making.In 2020, direct CO2 emissions from the scrap-based steel production in the US were 722 (697) thousand tonnes and emissions intensity (tonnes of CO2 emissions/ tonne crude steel) was 0.68 (0.68).

Indirect CO2 emissions (Scope 2 and 3)

Indirect CO2 emissions (Scope 2) from energy occur from the generation of purchased electricity and heat. In 2020, SSAB’s indirect CO2 emissions were 1,145 (1,173) thousand tonnes. Energy indirect CO2 emissions from the scrap-based steel production in US are larger than the direct CO2 emissions, because electricity is used to melt the scrap metal in the electric arc furnaces.

SSAB’s other indirect (Scope 3) CO2 emissions in 2019 were an estimated 5.6 million tonnes. The majority of Scope 3 emissions are generated in the processing of sold products, which account for 40% of the total Scope 3 emissions. Of Scope 3 emissions, 38% are from production of purchased raw materials and services, 7% are upstream emissions of purchased fuels and electricity (not included in Scope 1 and 2 emissions) and 9% are generated in the downstream transportation and distribution. The share of Scope 3 emissions of SSAB’s total CO2 emissions was 34% in 2019.

Reducing CO2 emissions

The possibilities to further reduce CO2 emissions from current steelmaking processes are limited, but emissions can be controlled and to some extent further reduced by continuously striving to improve material and energy efficiency.

Although an increased availability of steel scrap in the future will enable an increase in scrap based steel production, the increasing global demand for steel can only be met by continuing to utilize ore-based iron production. To align with a transition to a low-carbon economy, the steel industry will require a step-change in emissions reductions through alternative steelmaking processes. Therefore, in 2016, SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall joined forces to create HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology), with the aim of developing the world's first fossil-free iron ore-based steel manufacturing. With HYBRIT technology, SSAB aims to be the first steel company in the world to bring fossil-free steel to the market in 2026.

In-line with these targets SSAB is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas (CO2e) emissions by 35% by 2032 (based on 2018 figures, Scope 1 and 2). The goal is in line with the objective of keeping global warming well below 2°C and it has been approved by the Science Based Targets initiative. All SSAB sites are developing their transformation plans and the Science Based Target will be reached by a stepwise emissions reduction pathway, in line with the HYBRIT initiative. Around 90% of the reduction will come from convertion to the fossil-free steelmaking process and the remaining 10% will be achieved from reduction of the fuel-related emissions from natural gas, propane and oil, which will need to be fossil-free as well – e.g. via electrification and use of bio-fuels. The development of fossil-free steels is creating business opportunities and competitive advantages for both SSAB and its customers. Read more

Science based targets logo

Environmental Product Declarations validate sustainable production

EPD stands for Environmental Product Declaration, which is an independently verified document that provides transparent, comparable information about the environmental impact of products from the lifecycle perspective. SSAB EPDs comply with international standards, which provides objective data highlighting the low carbon footprint of SSAB products. This is also a good tool for SSAB customers wanting to minimize their environmental impact. EPDs report values from the entire product lifecycle. This means that emissions from suppliers are included as well as all energy used in manufacturing the product. EPDs are available for all SSAB products and are registered in the International EPD® system. SSAB’s EPDs are available here.

EcoSmart: SSAB Americas’ customer awareness program

The EcoSmart™ program, first launched in 2016, is SSAB Americas' innovative customer awareness program designed to showcase the organization's commitment to sustainability. The EcoSmart program emphasizes both the key product and process attributes of steel produced by SSAB Americas. More than 50 customer companies are part of the EcoSmart program, with more to come in 2021 and beyond. Here are some key points related to SSAB Americas’ products and production process:

SSAB Americas’ products

  • SSAB Americas’ steel is 100% recyclable and is made from 97% recycled materials.
  • The durability and high strength of SSAB Americas’ steel adds years to the lifecycle of products.

SSAB Americas’ production process

  • SSAB Americas uses recovered scrap tires as a raw material substitute for carbon in its production process – more than 400,000 tires a year—more than 7.1 million scrap tires to date.
  • SSAB’s mill in Iowa is expected to be powered completely by renewable energy by 2022.
  • SSAB Americas’ production process results in 62% fewer CO2 emissions compared to the 2018 US steel industry average.
  • Since 2010, SSAB Americas has reduced its energy consumption by nearly 20%.
  • SSAB Americas recycles millions of gallons of water every year for water conservation.